Orenburzhye, also known as Orenburg region or Orenburg Oblast, is a federal subject of Russia located in the southern part of the country. It is situated in the Eurasian Steppe and borders Kazakhstan to the south.
Here are some key facts about Orenburzhye:
1. Geography: Orenburzhye covers an area of around 124,000 square kilometers (48,000 square miles). The region is characterized by vast plains, steppes, and the Ural River, which flows through the area.
2. Administrative Center: The administrative center of Orenburzhye is the city of Orenburg, which is the third-largest city in the Volga Federal District. Orenburg is situated on the Ural River and serves as an important transportation hub between Europe and Asia.
3. Population: As of the latest available data, the population of Orenburg Oblast is estimated to be around 2.2 million people. The region is home to a diverse ethnic mix, including Russians, Kazakhs, Tatars, Bashkirs, and Ukrainians.
4. Economy: Orenburzhye's economy is based on a variety of industries, including oil and gas extraction, agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation. The region has significant natural resources, particularly oil and gas fields.
5. Culture and History: Orenburzhye has a rich history and cultural heritage. It was founded in 1743 as a fortress and played an important role in the exploration and development of the Russian Empire's eastern territories. The region has preserved historical landmarks, museums, and traditional crafts reflecting its multicultural past.
6. Natural Attractions: Orenburzhye boasts several natural attractions, including the Orenburg Nature Reserve, which is home to diverse flora and fauna. The region also has picturesque landscapes, steppe plains, and the Ural Mountains.
7. Education and Research: Orenburg has several educational institutions, including Orenburg State University and Orenburg State Medical Academy. These institutions contribute to the region's scientific and research advancements.
It's worth noting that the information provided is based on the knowledge available up until September 2021, and there may have been some changes or developments in Orenburzhye since then.
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